It grows in water or soil, indoors or out. The Papyrus Cyperus is a versatile plant that is easy to grow and fun to propagate.The Papyrus Plant
The Papyrus has long leafless stems topped by a cluster of fine leafy bracts that resemble an umbrella. Heights vary from 18 inches to 4 feet or more. Grow papyrus indoors in a bright location and a container filled with a quality potting mix. Keep the soil moist or set the pot in a shallow dish filled with water. Start new plants from the tip of the stem. Cut off the top few inches of the stem and place it upside down in a glass of water or well drained potting mix.
The leafy stem tip will be in the water or potting mix while the leafless stem points upward toward the ceiling. Roots and new shoots will form over the next few weeks. Soon you will have a new plant to share or add to your indoor garden. A bit more information: There are over related species and most of the Papyrus Cyperus plants are native to marshes, ponds and streams. The paper plant is Cyperus papyrus. The stems of this papyrus were and are still used to make paper in the Middle East.
Learn More. Audio Indoor Plants with Fragrant Flowers. Audio Propagating Snake Plants Sansevieria. Audio How to Grow a Money Tree. Audio Growing Dwarf Papaya Indoors. Audio Ripple Peperomia Peperomia caperata. Book an Appearance Learn More. Win a pair of Foxgloves! Connect with me.Cyperus papyrus, commonly called papyrus, has a history dating back to the ancient Egyptians, who prized the tall sedge for its use in making a product similar to paper.
Papyrus makes an attractive ornamental plant around pools, ponds and in containers. This easy-to-grow perennial thrives year-round in U. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 9 and 10 and will provide an exotic, tropical feel to your backyard. Papyrus is a tall, clump-forming sedge that can grow up to 15 feet tall in frost-free areas, or 5 to 8 feet in cooler regions. A dwarf version of this plant Cyperus papyrus "Nanus" or "King Tut" averages only 2 to 3 feet tall.
Clumps of triangular green stems shoot up from thick, woody rhizomes, each stem topped with arching thread-like spikes resembling feather dusters. The spikes can become so large they bend over under their own weight. Greenish-brown flower clusters appear during the summer and eventually produce brown nut-like fruits. Papyrus makes a tall, graceful addition around water features for an ornamental accent or as a privacy hedge.
Companion aquatic plants such as calla lily Zantedeschia aethiopica or torch lily Kniphofia spp. Papyrus can also make a dramatic centerpiece in large landscape beds or in containers. Birds often use the feather-duster flower clusters as nesting sites. Because of its imposing height, plant papyrus in the middle or back of a bed or container to avoid obscuring shorter plants. Papyrus plants don't germinate well from seed, although they are known to self-seed in the wild.
The easiest way to propagate papyrus is by dividing clumps in the spring. The plants grow well in standing water and in boggy soils, but don't do well in poor soil. When used in small pools, place the papyrus in underwater containers to keep it from becoming invasive and to make it easier to maintain. Due to the plant's height, papyrus needs a muddy or sandy substrate in water that's at least 1 foot deep so the stems won't topple. The willowy nature of the plant also means it should be sheltered from strong winds.
Papyrus has no serious problems with insects or disease. A frost or freeze will kill the tops of the papyrus plant, but it can recover if the roots are fairly deep, mulched or under water. If you live in USDA zone 8, you can overwinter your papyrus plant indoors, preferably in a bright, sunny location. If overwintered in low light, maintain cool night temperatures in the range of 45 to 55 degrees Fahrenheit. Keep the plant evenly moist or place the plant's container in a deep saucer filled with 1 to 2 inches of water.
You can also treat the plant as an annual. Bonnie Singleton has been writing professionally since She has written for various newspapers and magazines including "The Washington Times" and "Woman's World. Singleton holds a master's degree in musicology from Florida State University and is a member of the American Independent Writers. Skip to main content. Characteristics Papyrus is a tall, clump-forming sedge that can grow up to 15 feet tall in frost-free areas, or 5 to 8 feet in cooler regions.
Landscape Use Papyrus makes a tall, graceful addition around water features for an ornamental accent or as a privacy hedge. Growing Papyrus Papyrus plants don't germinate well from seed, although they are known to self-seed in the wild. Winter Care A frost or freeze will kill the tops of the papyrus plant, but it can recover if the roots are fairly deep, mulched or under water.
About the Author Bonnie Singleton has been writing professionally since Photo Credits Photos. Customer Service Newsroom Contacts.Papyrus was one of the most important plants in ancient civilized Egypt.
Papyrus plants were used as paper, woven goods, food and fragrance. Papyrus grass is in a genus of over different plants from around the world. The plant is considered a sedge and favors moist, warm environments. You can grow papyrus from seed or division. In most zones, papyrus is an annual or half-hardy perennial.
This fast growing plant would be an excellent addition to a water garden or naturalized bog area. There are numerous names for papyrus grass. What is papyrus?
It is a plant in the genus Cyperuswhich has native to Madagascar. Umbrella plant or bulrush are other names for the plant. The plant is called umbrella plant because it has a grass-like habit with sprays of foliage at the top of the stems.
These sprays of foliage radiate out like the spokes in an umbrella. Papyrus can grow up to 10 feet tall from rhizomes. The stems are rigid and triangular and have white pith inside. The pith is the source of papyrus paper. Papyrus has no frost tolerance and should be moved indoors for the winter. Papyrus grass is easy to grow. It prefers full sun but can also be raised in partial shade. Papyrus is usually planted by rhizomes in moist, fertile soil in pots and then submerged in an aquatic environment.
It can also be planted directly into 3 feet of muddy substrate to hold the heavy stems upright. The plant needs to be kept moist, if not submerged.Ford airbag resistance
Papyrus seeds do not readily germinate and can take a month or more to sprout. Even in their native conditions, the plant does not easily spread by seed. Papyrus need little extra care to thrive provided it is kept moist. Mulching in zone 8 can help protect the tender roots but the foliage will likely die back in winter.
Pruning is not necessary except to remove errant or broken stems.
You can give it a balanced fertilizer in spring to support the growth of the huge stems. Papyrus grass has no damaging pests or diseases except rust funguswhich will discolor the stems and foliage.
In the correct zones with light and moist conditions, care of papyrus plant is easy for even a novice gardener.A nicely compact form of Egyptian Papyrus, about half the height of King Tut, but with the same large poms on the ends of the stems.
Fun and interesting, without being so overwhelmingly huge. With shorter stems than King Tut, Prince Tut is quite sturdy and less likely to have stems flop. Great in the landscape, where it is best with consistent moisture.Spp bluetooth module
Cyperus Papyrus is not hardy enough to survive winters with freezing temperatures and it is not a candidate to overwinter inside. It is a very fast grower and will quickly grow to impressive size when replanted in the spring. The plant can be planted in pots, along the waters edge of a pond, or even in a pond.
The crown of the plant should never be covered in water and in fact both of these varieties can thrive in water as shallow as a few inches.
The purpose is to keep the bulk of the soil or root mass wet. The root ball can be submerged but it isn't necessary.
If the plant is put into a pot, I would suggest plugging the hole or holes in the bottom of the pot to keep as much water as possible in the pot.
How to Care for Cyperus Papyrus During Winter
Prince Tut will also do well when planted in normal garden beds. It is best to keep the soil moist, but once established Price Tut has can be surprisingly tolerant of dry conditions. Prince Tut is an evergreen or neutral grass.
Where temperatures get colder than 35 degrees F, the plants should be treated as annuals. Once the grass turns brown it can either be removed immediately or removed in the spring. It should not be expected to live through the winter and begin growing again in the spring. In areas where winter temperatures remain above 35 degrees it can be considered a perennial and the following information should be useful.
Evergreen or neutral grasses are usually plants that look like grasses but aren't actually classified as grasses, they are generally called grass-like plants. Divide evergreen or neutral grasses and grass-like plants in spring only. Evergreen grasses don't ever go dormant. Dividing plants wounds them to some degree.
For evergreen grasses this wounding will really affect their ability to live through the winter. This grew so large and was so pretty and tropical.
Bought this as a 'thriller' for pot and it proved to be just that! Survived through a pretty hot summer, I will replace this year. It held up well, all summer long, and even after a couple of light frosts. Unlike it's bigger brother, King Tut, it held up well if I forgot to water regularly.
Grew to be much bigger than I thought it would, though it was to show any change. I grew this last year in an outdoor container. It did really well even though we had a drought for 3 months. It was watered every day while still being in sun most of the day. The look of this plant is fantastic. I will grow it again and will probably try the other sizes. Search this site:. We're listening!Learn which plants thrive in your Hardiness Zone with our new interactive map!
Conjuring images of the Nile River and life in ancient Egypt, papyrus Cyperus papyrus is a warmth-loving bog plant that adds a desert-oasis feel to water gardens. Papyrus can be grown outdoors all year in U. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 9 through In these areas, papyrus can be planted directly in the ground and requires little special winter care.
In cooler climates, plant papyrus in containers to allow for easy movement indoors or overwintering. Cut away any dead culms with a sharp knife or pruning shears. Cut the culm as close to the bottom as possible but do not cut into the rhizomes from which they sprouted.
The oldest, most central culms are the ones which die first.
Continue pruning any stems that die throughout the winter as you notice them. Move the plant indoors to a sunny location for the winter. Ideally, the winter temperature of the papyrus should be between 60 and 65 degrees Fahrenheit, but the plant tolerates temperatures as low as 55 degrees Fahrenheit.
Lower the amount of light received by papyrus plants that are overwintered in cool temperatures. Set the papyrus plant in a container of water at least 2 inches deep and make sure it doesn't dry out.
You can also keep the plant in a container that doesn't have drainage holes and may prefer this overwintering method if you have young children who may be tempted to put toys, fingers and other goodies in a container of water. Papyrus is a bog plant so you can water it often without worrying about over watering, it wilts when it does not get enough water. Stop fertilizing the papyrus in the winter.
Resume your normal fertilization schedule in the spring when the plant has been moved back outdoors. Papyrus is a tall plant and needs to be rooted deeply or grown in a heavy container to keep it from toppling over.
Split papyrus plants every few years in the spring to prevent them from becoming too open in the center where old culms have died. Some gardeners collect seeds pods from the papyrus plant in late summer and store them in a cool, dry place in case the papyrus plant does not survive overwintering for some reason.Papyrus is a vigorous plant suitable for growing in USDA hardiness zones 9 through 11, but overwintering papyrus plants is critical during the winter months in more northern climates.
Read on to learn more about winter papyrus care. Also known as bulrush, papyrus Cyperus papyrus is a dramatic aquatic plant that grows in dense clumps along ponds, swamps, shallow lakes or slow-moving streams. In its native habitat, papyrus can reach heights of 16 feet 5 m. Cyperus papyrus growing in warmer climates requires little winter care, although plants in zone 9 may die back to the ground and rebound in spring.
Be sure the rhizomes are located where they are protected from freezing temperatures. Remove dead growth as it appears throughout the winter. Indoor papyrus care during winter is ideal for those living in cooler climates.Bike detection opencv
Be sure to bring your papyrus plant indoors where it will be warm and snug before temperatures in your area fall below 40 F. Overwintering papyrus plants is easy if you can provide sufficient warm, light and moisture. Move the plant into a container with a drainage hole in the bottom.Regency wood stove baffle replacement
Place the container inside a larger, water-filled pot with no drainage hole. Be sure to keep at least a couple of inches of water in the container at all times. Place the plant in bright sunlight.
A south-facing window may provide sufficient light, but you may need to place the plant under a grow light. Papyrus is most likely to survive the winter if room temperatures are maintained between 60 and 65 F. The plant may go dormant during the winter, but it will resume normal growth when the weather warms in spring. Withhold fertilizer during the winter months. Return to a regular feeding schedule after you move the plant outdoors in spring.
Read more articles about Papyrus Plants. Friend's Email Address. Your Name. Your Email Address. Send Email. Papyrus Plants. Image by emer Winterizing Cyperus Papyrus Also known as bulrush, papyrus Cyperus papyrus is a dramatic aquatic plant that grows in dense clumps along ponds, swamps, shallow lakes or slow-moving streams. How to Care for Papyrus in Winter Indoors Indoor papyrus care during winter is ideal for those living in cooler climates.
Did you find this helpful?Cyperus Papyrus, with fluffy, feathery heads that grow on stalks reaching 8 feet tall, has a visually striking effect when planted in ponds or water-filled containers. The plant belongs to the sedge family and also goes by the name of bullrush. This moisture-loving plant grows along the banks of the Nile in Egypt; in U.
S Department of Agriculture Hardiness Zones 9 through 11, it can thrive in your water garden during the winter months. Ground-grown papyrus dies back in colder areas when frosty weather arrives, but if your papyrus grows in a container, you can take it indoors to protect it until spring. Bring your container-grown papyrus plant indoors for the winter if temperatures dip below 40 degrees Fahrenheit.
If the papyrus gets full sun, it continues to grow through winter. The ideal indoor temperature ranges between 40 and 50 degrees Fahrenheit. A garage, shed or unheated room may provide the necessary temperature.
Supply artificial light if you can't give an indoor papyrus plant enough sun during the winter. Without enough light, papyrus stalks flop over. Collect seeds from the tufts that grow at the end of papyrus heads before winter arrives. Plant the seeds after your area's last frost date passes. This ensures new growth every year even if plants die in the winter. Cut off papyrus stems that die because of the cold.
If your area is chilly, but does not receive freezing temperatures, the papyrus will grow back in the spring.
If your area does get an occasional freeze, the papyrus will not return next season. Prune some of the papyrus stems if clumps form too thickly for your preferences. Papyrus multiplies via underground rhizomes, and if left alone, it will form a thick colony. Divide the root ball of container-grown papyrus plants. Re-pot or dispose of the divisions.
How to Grow and Propagate Papyrus (Umbrella Plant) Indoors
Dividing the root ball makes the plant more vigorous. Provide water for the papyrus plant as normal. Papyrus can grow in standing water or moist potting soil. Fertilize actively growing papyrus plants once per week.
Melissa King began writing in She spent three years writing for her local newspaper, "The Colt," writing editorials, news stories, product reviews and entertainment pieces. She is also the owner and operator of Howbert Freelance Writing. Skip to main content. Home Guides Garden Gardening. Home Guides Garden Gardening Papyrus plants give water gardens an exotic look. About the Author Melissa King began writing in Photo Credits Photos.
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